Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno was born in Frankfurt in 1903
into a wealthy and cultured family. His father, a wine
merchant, was of Jewish origin but had converted to
Protestantism at university. Teddy (as his closest friends
called him) was an extremely fine pianist from...
Jean-Paul Sartre was born in 1905. His father, a navy
captain, died when he was a baby – and he grew up
extremely close to his mother until she remarried, much to
his regret, when he was twelve. Sartre spent most of his
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart in 1770.
He had a very middle-class life. He was obsessed by his
career path. He was a newspaper editor and then a headmaster
before becoming an academic professor. He fretted all his
life about his...
Adam Smith is our guide to perhaps the most pressing dilemma
of our time: how to make a capitalist economy more humane
and more meaningful.
He was born in Scotland in Kirkcaldy – a small
manufacturing town – near Edinburgh in 1723. He was...
The challenge begins with how to pronounce his name. The
first bit should sound like ‘Knee’, the second like
‘cher’: Knee – cher.
Friedrich Nietzsche was born in 1844 in a quiet village in
the eastern part of Germany, where – for generations –
The Ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus was born in 341 BC,
on the island of Samos, a few miles off the coast of modern
Turkey. He had an unusually long beard, wrote over three
hundred books and was one of the most famous philosophers...
‘Stoicism’ was a philosophy that flourished for some 400
years in Ancient Greece and Rome, gaining widespread support
among all classes of society. It had one overwhelming and
highly practical ambition: to teach people how to be calm
and brave in the face of...
Athens, 2400 years ago. It’s a compact place: around
250,000 people live here. There are fine baths, theatres,
temples, shopping arcades and gymnasiums. Art is
flourishing, and science too. You can pick up excellent fish
down at the harbour in Piraeus. It’s warm for...
In almost all countries and communities around the world,
there is one central (usually unvoiced) suspicion that
arises whenever someone lets slip that they are ‘having
therapy’: they are crazy.
Getting therapeutic help should – ideally – be an
ordinary and wholly unsurprising thing, like...
It’s one of the grandest and oddest words out there, so
lofty, it doesn’t sound like something one could ever
consciously strive to be - unlike say, being cultured, or
kind. Others could perhaps compliment you on being it, but
it wouldn’t be something...
People are understandably confused about what philosophy is.
From a distance, it seems weird, irrelevant, boring and yet
also – just a little – intriguing. But it’s hard to
put a finger on what the interest really is. What are
philosophers? What do they...